Why Learn More about Interventional Radiology?

interventional radiologist in Phoenix

As a newer medical specialty, interventional radiology is not as well-known as more traditional specializations, which is why, as a patient, it is important to acquaint yourself with the basic elements of this field. The number of patients opting for interventional radiology treatments as opposed to surgical procedures is consistently rising in Western countries. As a result, information on interventional radiology is frequently sought after in Europe, Canada and the United States.

Interventional radiology (also known as IR) is a medical specialization consisting of imaging procedures meant to diagnose and treat by inserting catheters or wires into the body of the patient. These procedures are minimally invasive causing pain only at the site of insertion. The patient is relaxed, but not asleep during the procedure because only local (and not general) anesthesia is used. This type of treatment is considered alternative and more advanced than traditional surgery because the insertion made through an incision in the skin leaves less scarring than in open surgery.

IR started as a subspecialty of diagnostic radiology and is now considered a therapeutic specialty in its own right. Today, it consists of both invasive diagnostic imaging and image-guided therapeutic procedures that are minimally invasive.


Interventional radiology treatments rarely last longer than five hours or less than thirty minutes, the average duration being that of two hours. But, their level of risk is not indicated by duration. Instead, it depends on the amount of radiation that is being used. Nevertheless, the benefits outweigh the risks which, usually, consist of the chance of infection or profuse bleeding.

According to a well respected interventional radiologist in Phoenix, the best known benefits/advantages of IR include: limited pain, low risk of infection, very little blood loss, faster recovery time, moderate sedation (for patients who do not tolerate general anesthesia). Pertinent examples of IR treatments are: stenting, thermal ablation, embolization, thrombolysis, angioplasty and biopsy. Most of them are used for treating: strokes, cancer, vascular diseases and uterine fibroids.

Labs, Equipment and Imaging Techniques

IR procedures are performed in a Cath Lab (Catheterization Laboratory) or an Angiography Suite. The instruments used in IR treatments are usually catheters guided through blood vessels or through the skin. However, other types of equipment include sheath systems, puncture needles and guidewires. Similarly, the imaging techniques used in IR procedures consist of: live X-ray diagnosis, ultrasound, fluoroscopy and ultrasound.

Medical Staff

The IR staff includes nurses and physicians. The IR nurses are highly qualified. They are trained to assist the MD in IR treatments and diagnoses. Moreover, the physician specializing in IR is known as an interventional radiologist who treats vascular and non-vascular conditions and, sometimes, works closely with vascular surgeons by using medical imaging to support surgical procedures. Furthermore, an interventional radiologist can also be confused with a radiologist. However, it is important to know that the difference between the two is that the latter interprets images of the body in order to diagnose a patient whereas the former both visualizes and treats the body of the patient.


All in all, it pays to learn more about interventional radiology in an age of medical advancement and technical novelty. IR combines both in a system designed to serve and benefit the patient long term.


How Stem Cell Therapy Can Make A Difference

Lowry stem cell therapy

Stem cells are cells in the human body that have the ability to generate cells that have specialized roles – in other words, correctly harvested stem cells can be made into almost any type of cell needed to treat diseases and illnesses. Stem cell therapy is a set of state-of-the-art medical technologies that promote the healing of the damaged tissue in the patient’s body with the help of the patient’s own cells that have been previously harvested and that undergo manipulation to encourage them to specialize into the type of cells needed to treat the affected organ or body part, such as nerve cells, muscle cells, even blood cells.

The advanced technology has revolutionized many areas of medical treatment, making it possible to ameliorate or even to completely heal affections and diseases that are very difficult or impossible to treat with conventional approaches. Here is how stem cell therapy makes a difference. Lowry stem cell therapy specialists tell us that another major advantage of stem cell therapy is the safety of the technique – stem cells being harvested from the patient’s body, the risk of the body rejecting the therapy is reduced to the minimum and as the related procedures usually do not require invasive interventions, the risk of complications, such as infections, inflammations or delayed healing is also reduced to almost zero.

Types of Affections that Can Be Treated with Stem Cell Therapy

The range of illnesses and diseases that can be treated with the modern technique is very wide already and it is also continuously growing – here are some:

  • Cardiovascular affections – the stem cells harvested from the bone marrow of adult patients can differentiate into the cells necessary for repairing the heart’s tissues and the affected blood vessels;
  • Neurodegenerative conditions – stem cells can be transformed into new brain cells, making the therapy that uses them suitable for treating various forms of brain injuries and cognitive degeneration;
  • Autoimmune conditions – these conditions prompt the body’s immune system to overreact and to attack the body’s own tissues. Stem cell therapy has been successfully used in the treatment of many such affections, including lupus and rheumatoid arthritis;
  • Orthopedic issues – the stem cells harvested from the patient’s body can be used to trigger the healing of bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments that have sustained damage because of a traumatic injury, such as an accident, because of aging or for other causes.

What Cells Are Suitable

Stem cells can be harvested from the umbilical cord blood of newborn babies 3-5 days long or from particular areas of the body of adult patients, such as from adipose tissue and bone marrow. The stem cells harvested from newborns can be then banked, preserved and used to treat the donor or the donor’s blood relatives. Cord blood stem cells are preserved among special conditions and can be used for decades without using their ability to specialize.

The Future of Stem Cell Therapy

Medical scientists continue to research the potential uses of stem cells in the treatment of many grave affections, including cancer.